The business environment today has changed greatly, thanks to the emergence and acceptance of the Internet and all the technologies it brings. This surge in technology has had its effect on the way businesses are run globally.
Consequently, businesses have had to review their approach and methods by which they manage their activities. This drive has led project managers to seek better ways of managing projects, meeting deadlines and achieving project objectives by quickly adjusting and responding to the changing business landscape.
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In this article, we will learn all there is to know about Agile, including what is agile software development, what is agile model, as well as agile methodology meaning.
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What Is Agile Methodology
Before we proceed, let us first understand what is Agile development methodology.
Agile methodology is an iterative approach for planning and guiding project processes. This method makes it possible for projects to be completed in sections called iterations otherwise known as development cycle in Agile Software Development.
The Agile approach to project management allows the review and critique of each section or iteration after completion. The review is carried out by the project team including various project stakeholders. Insights from this can further be used to determine the next line step of the project.
Perhaps, the most outstanding among other advantages of agile methodology, is its ability to respond to events as they arise during the lifecycle of the project.
Agile Methodology Definition
To know what is the meaning of Agile, let’s look at the Agile project management definition.
Derived from the word “agree”, which interprets “to drive”, “act”, Agile is synonymous with driving something forward. Agile became an essential necessity in project management as traditional techniques often consisting of a hierarchical structure which centralizes control and decision making have hitherto only proved successful for projects with deliverables that are readily defined, scoped and estimated.
However, given the versatility of business and projects today, which have higher degrees of uncertainties or unknowns, it becomes almost impossible in the given timeframe of a project to properly develop and document all requirements.
The Agile methodology in testing therefore presents a method of approach by which complex projects can be broken down into several smaller Agile methodology phases involving continuous collaboration with stakeholders as well as accommodate change or improvement in each iteration stage.
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Agile Methodology Overview
2001 saw the coming together of 17 people whose efforts led to the development of the core of the Agile methodology in written form. The Agile Manifesto of Software Development as it is called brought forward a revolutionary mind-set on value delivery as well as improved collaboration with customers.
What is Agile process?
The four essential values of Agile include the following:
- Individuals and Interactions Over Processes and Tools
This favours a working team over a set of processes or tools. The philosophy is that a team without tools can find a way to get a project done, but processes still requires tools to make any meaningful impact.
- Working Software Over Comprehensive Document
While it is okay to complete all necessary documentations before writing lines of codes, Agile supports the idea of releasing a working software into the hands of users.
- Customer Collaboration Over Contract Negotiation
This statement stresses the need to fully understand the needs of the customer through collaboration and negotiation, as against sticking to what was stated in the contract negation documents.
- Responding to Change Over Following a Plan
The Agile methodology process centres on incorporating the realities of new events as they unfold into the ongoing project. This philosophy views any change as an opportunity to increase project value as against the traditional view which perceives it as an obstacle to be avoided at all cost.
The traditional project management practice has become obsolete as its tools no longer the offers the capacity in the delivery of value considering the present unique business and project landscape. The Agile methodology on the other hand, has a unique approach to planning, execution as well as prioritization which allows project teams the flexibility of responding quickly to change.